Dr. J. Larry Stockton
[Syllabus] [World Music Links] [Stockton Homepage] [Music Department] [Lafayette College]
on text, Internet
--Listening portion will consist of two excerpts taken from the
-- Terminology is a big part of this test. Make sure you know the terms covered
in the text
(this will be
done in a
terms in the
-There will be one essay question dealing with larger components of traditional Indian music, such as: keeping "tal," rasa, improvisation, etc.
Listening: CD2- Tracks 5,6
Tala Exercises --- Listen to tracks 5 & 6 while maintaining hand counts for
First Drumming Test will be during class----- groups of 5-6
Read: India: pp. I1-13
Internet: An Appreciation of Indian Music
Listening: CD2: Tracks
Guides in the
Test #1 (test
is on 9/28)
A. Time-line recognition (as illustrated in class )
In this section there will be from 5-7 box notation examples, either taken directly
from the CD (Tracks 13-18/ Text: pages A-27-28) OR examples "similar" to those.
For each example, I will play a pattern and ask you to identify the correct notation
from the three or four choices listed. It is not necessary for you to memorize them.
B. Indentify instruments, as specificially as possible, in order of entrance.
C. Listening Analysis
In this section I will test your knowledge of aural concepts of traditional African
music. There will likely be 2 or three musical excerpts, taken either directly from
the CD or "similar" ones. You should be able to identify instruments and vocal
qualities and concepts such as: call-and-response, additive texture, polyrhythms, etc.
The best way to study for this is to review the CD (especially tracks 1-12 and 30-39)
along with the corresponding guides in the text.
Part Two --- Multiple Choice, definitions, true/false, short answer, and possible short
These questions will be taken from the text (beginning through Africa), the
assigned internet articles, and lecture notes. The purpose is to test your understanding
of basic concepts of World Music (ethnomusicology) and the traditional music of
Ghana. Everything that has been presented is "fair game," but in your studying it
would be wise to outline major points and give them more emphasis. Straight forward
definition of terms will be minimal, however, there will be occasions where you will need
to "demonstrate" your understanding of the concepts.
Review Internet articles !!!!!
The following study questions are designed to assist you in organizing your study. These
are NOT intended to indicate either specific questions that will be asked or to eliminate
material for study.
1. Define "ethnomusicology", "world music", and "non-Western music." How do
they differ in terms of approach and coverage?
2. "Ethnocentricity" is a stumbling block in learning to appreciate and understand
other cultures. What is the problem and what are some possible cures?
3. What do various theories of musical perception teach us about how music is
processed and internalized? How does this information relate to learning about
new musical cultures?
4. How are musical instruments categorized to encompass music from all over
the globe? Can you give specific examples of instruments in all of the major
5. Why is it dangerous, and inaccurate, to generalize about African musical
traits or customs. What major factors make such generalizations
6. How does the Western practice of a "sound ideal" (a prescribed tone or sound
for an instrument or voice) relate to traditional African performance practices?
7. What are the "major" percussion instruments in an Anlo-Ewe drum group? What
are some of the specific playing techniques?
8. Why is repetition an important structural element in much traditional African
9. How does the Ghanaian concept of polyrhythms differ from the "divisionary"
organization of rhythm in the West?
10. What are some of the major conventions of musical performance in traditional
11. What is the basic structure of indigenous religious practice, and ritual,
in Ghana? Relate this specifically to Anlo-Ewe beliefs.
12. What are the major functions of music in Ghana?
13. Discuss "rote learning" as it applies to the music of Ghana.
14. List some important facts about modern Ghana.
15. Relate the Western ideas about melody and harmony to traditional
music in Africa.
16. What is the tension/repose continuum. Give specific examples in Western
and African music.