Lafayette College

World Music Traditions --Assignments
Music 103
Dr. J. Larry Stockton

[Syllabus]     [World Music Links]     [Stockton Homepage]         [Music Department]     [Lafayette College]



Updated: 10/9/2017

write-up due: Thursday, 10/19
Follow this link for Concert Review:

For Tuesday, 10/17

Listening:  CD2- Tracks 5,6

Tala Exercises --- Listen to tracks 5 & 6 while maintaining hand counts for

                                Tintaal (track 5) and Jhaptaal (track 6)

First Drumming Test will be during class----- groups of 5-6

For Thursday, 10/19

Concert Review is due

Review Tala Exercises Tintaal and Jhaptaal

Explore this site from the Ali Akbar Khan School (a legendary sarod player).... be sure to click on every link:

Review Tala Exercises Tintaal and Jhaptaal

For Thursday, 10/12

For Thursday, 10/12

Review previous India material... PLUS:

For Friday, 10/13: 
  8:00 pm (Williams Center Auditorium):   SO Percussion

For Tuesday, 10/3

For Tuesday, 10/3


Read: India:  pp. I1-13

Internet:  An Appreciation of Indian Music

For Thursday, 10/5


Listening:  CD2:  Tracks 1-4---Refer to Listening Guides in the text

For Tuesday, 9/26

For Tuesday, 9/26

Review all readings for test review in class

See review questions below

For Thursday, 9/28


For Tuesday, 9/19

1.  Review previous internet reading for in-class discussion

2.  Do a time-line analysis of Wildlife:

-divide it into major sections based on changes in musical features
-identify instruments as specifically as you can
-distinguish specific "African" features from Western features

3.  Listening (CD 1):  tracks 21-25)

For Thursday, 9/21

Listening:  Tracks 30-34 (practice clapping individual parts)

Interact with this TERRIFIC site (to be illustrated in last Tuesday's class)--- tap along to the rhythms and use mixer to explore combinations of instruments and rhythms:

Study guides for Test #1 (test is on 9/28)

A.  Time-line recognition (as illustrated in class )

      In this section there will be from 5-7 box notation examples, either taken directly

      from the CD (Tracks 13-18/ Text: pages A-27-28) OR examples "similar" to those.

      For each example, I will play a pattern and ask you to identify the correct notation

      from the three or four choices listed.  It is not necessary for you to memorize them.


B.  Indentify instruments, as specificially as possible, in order of entrance.

C.  Listening Analysis

      In this section I will test your knowledge of aural concepts of traditional African

      music.  There will likely be 2 or three musical excerpts, taken either directly from

      the CD or "similar" ones.  You should be able to identify instruments and vocal

      qualities and concepts such as: call-and-response, additive texture, polyrhythms, etc.

      The best way to study for this is to review the CD (especially tracks 1-12 and 30-39)

      along with the corresponding guides in the text.

Part Two --- Multiple Choice, definitions, true/false, short answer, and possible short


       These questions will be taken from the text (beginning through Africa), the

       assigned internet articles, and lecture notes.  The purpose is to test your understanding

       of basic concepts of World Music (ethnomusicology) and the traditional music of

       Ghana.  Everything that has been presented is "fair game," but in your studying it

        would be wise to outline major points and give them more emphasis.  Straight forward

        definition of terms will be minimal, however, there will be occasions where you will need

        to "demonstrate" your understanding of the concepts.

    Review Internet articles !!!!!

        The following study questions are designed to assist you in organizing your study.  These

        are NOT intended to indicate either specific questions that will be asked or to eliminate

        material for study.

        1.  Define "ethnomusicology", "world music", and "non-Western music."  How do

             they differ in terms of approach and coverage?

        2.  "Ethnocentricity" is a stumbling block in learning to appreciate and understand

             other cultures.  What is the problem and what are some possible cures?

        3.  What do various theories of musical perception teach us about how music is

             processed and internalized?  How does this information relate to learning about

             new musical cultures?

        4.  How are musical instruments categorized to encompass music from all over

             the globe?  Can you give specific examples of instruments in all of the major


         5.  Why is it dangerous, and inaccurate, to generalize about African musical

              traits or customs.  What major factors make such generalizations


         6.  How does the Western practice of a "sound ideal" (a prescribed tone or sound

              for an instrument or voice) relate to traditional African performance practices?

         7.  What are the "major" percussion instruments in an Anlo-Ewe drum group?  What

               are some of the specific playing techniques?

          8.  Why is repetition an important structural element in much traditional African


          9.  How does the Ghanaian concept of polyrhythms differ from the "divisionary"

               organization of rhythm in the West?

         10.  What are some of the major conventions of musical performance in traditional

                Ghanaian music?

          11.  What is the basic structure of  indigenous religious practice, and ritual,

                  in Ghana?  Relate this specifically to Anlo-Ewe beliefs.

          12.   What are  the major functions of music in Ghana?

          13.  Discuss "rote learning" as it applies to the music of Ghana.

          14.  List some important facts about modern Ghana.

          15.  Relate the Western ideas about melody and harmony to traditional

                 music in Africa.

          16.  What is the tension/repose continuum.  Give specific examples in Western

                 and African music.

For Tuesday, 9/12
For Tuesday, 9/12

Practice Djembe Pattern

Study Internet Resource on African Drumming:

LISTENING:  CD1-- Tracks 5-12 (refer to listening guides pp A19-22)

For Thursday, 9/14

Read:   Varieties of African Music

Listening:  CD1, Tracks 13-20

Listening:  TIME-LINE PATTERNS (pagesA27-28): Practice and listen CD-1, Tracks 13-24

For Thursday, 8/31


Read: TEXT:  Beginning through page 13

READ:  World Music and Ethnomusicology

READ:  What is World Music

For Tuesday, 9/5

Read and be ready to discuss:  Christopher Small:  Musicking

12:15 Drumming Sessions begin this week ------- You must participate in either the Tuesday or the Thursday group

For Thursday, 9/7

READ:  Text-----Pages A1- A17

LISTENING:  CD1-- Tracks 1-4 (refer to listening guides pp A19-22) 

Listen and study all four tracks, using the guides in the text.  For the first track, Tu Tu Gbovi,  do a brief analysis as indicated below.  The written assignment is for th first track ONLY.

Listen to the selection as many times as needed.  Do a general analysis, indicating as many basic
sound observations as you can (melody, rhythm, timbre [identify instruments and vocal timbres], and form).
This should be a page or so in length (to be handed in).  The organization is free.... show me how much
musical information you can glean from the example.